Hungary is exceptionally rich in Geothermal energy. Hot springs can be found easily almost everywhere in the country. By each 20m depth the temperature of water is increasing by 1C. We are using well this nice hot sources of our land since the ancient Roman and Turkish occupation times. Amazing architecture large Spas can be found at Budapest and all over Hungary.
The Szechenyi Spa
The most authentic still working Turkish baths are located along the Danube river bank on the Buda side. The main natural hot springs are inside the Gellert mountain.
Pls. visit Heviz thermal lake Spa. (Country side West Trans-Danuba near Balaton)
The wonderful rich mineral hot water springs refreshing renewing the body and soul but the geothermal water's energy we are using also for heating green houses buildings and entire settlements. We are producing also electricity from its heat and gases by geothermal power stations.
Good example for the local usage of geotermic energy is the new innovative geothermal and bio mass based heating system project of MTA at Vacratot:
The project will be implemented in the village of Vácrátót, under the leadership of the Institute of Ecology and Botany of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (IEB HAS) in partnership with the Parish Council of Vácrátót, the Norwegian Institute for Water Research(NIVA) and the Department of Building Energetics and Building Services of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics. The main objective of the project is to increase renewable energy utilisation by applying geothermal base energy and biomass peak boilers for heating the buildings and greenhouses of the IEB HAS and the buildings of the Parish Council. In the framework of the project a closed thermal water system will be constructed with a geothermal and reinjection well. The estimated heating capacity ensures the basic provision, the peak capacity below 0 C° external temperature is ensured by a biomass heating plant and the gas heating will remain as reserve. A construction of a new glasshouse is part of the project, financed by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences as an in-kind contibution.
The new heating system based on renewable energy will supply - beyond the new and existing greenhouses and IEB HAS buildings - the school, nursery school, mayor’s office and the health centre of Vácrátót Municipality. A Visitor Centre will be constructed according to passive house requirements and will host a permanent exhibition focusing on the utilization of renewable energy, the description of the the investment itself and the conservation of biodiversity. This complex project, supported by the Norwegien Financial Mechanism, will be a model of good partnership serving local, national and global interests. More info. and pictures
Around town Szentes a very large green house vegetables and fruits, flowers growing culture was built up. About 2500 growers are producing there mainly Paprika, Tomato, Cucumber, Green Herbs, Strawberry, Carnation and Gerbera in green houses with thermal water heating in soil less culture with drip irrigation.
In the next few years 150-200 hectare new green houses will be built in Hungary. It is good business again to grow any kind of vegetables of fruits.
There is large potential in the renewing geothermic water energy especially now when natural gas, electricity and oil prices are raising to the sky.
The problem which slows down the developments and wilder range uses is a valid regulation as per it is not enough only to take out and use the hot water but everyone should have also a second well where they should inject it back to the ground to the same depth from where it is originated (renewable energy) and also there is an additional fee (tax) which should be paid for the government after each m3 hot water.